A well-constructed theory can link together multiple parameters at different locations and times. For example, knowing temperature at pressure at one point in time in a system can tell you the temperature and pressure at another point, and perhaps another time.
Not so with pseudo-science.
I've repeatedly tried to build Electric Sun models using established physics and electromagnetism based on the descriptions from Electric Sun supporters and found that you just can't make them consistent with the observations. This is why promoters of pseudo-science focus on the problem areas in real science at the limits of our technological capability, to keep the focus off the more severe problems of their own theories in areas where we have good measurements!
Just How Many Electric Sun Models are There?I've explored four - and they're all radically different, even contradictory!
|Thornhill's "Solar Resistor" model: Application of Ampere's law (wikipedia) for a basic wire current, you can compute the magnetic field of this configuration for any given amount of power. Not only is the magnetic field of this model HUGE compared to what we measure, but it is easy to show that any conductor (such as the metallic components of satellites) moving through this magnetic field would generate a pretty hefty voltage, more than enough to kill satellites built to present-day standards. Did Thornhill's physics degree not cover electromagnetic induction (wikipedia)? See Death by Electric Universe. IV. The Z-Pinch (Solar Resistor) Model|
|Scott's "Solar Capacitor" model: Similar to original Juergen's model. Now claiming a 'solar transistor' model that is really more like a 'solar DeForest triode' (wikipedia). Dr. Scott still does not specify where any of these voltages come from, or how they are maintained. See Death by Electric Universe. II. The Solar Capacitor Model|
|Johnson's "Ball Lightning" model: Recognizing that space-based measurements do not support ANY of the models requiring the Sun be actively powered from an external source, Johnson tries to save ES models by apparently claiming the Sun was 'charged up' like ball-lightning from a cosmic lightning bolt in the past and is shining from that stored energy. His model provides very little description of the 'lightning-bolts' - the power and current in them, the power source that drives them, etc. And there's still the 'Peratt problem', that such current streams should be strong emitters of microwaves which we should detect in our large sky-surveys. I've collected lots of notes on this model and will post more about it in the future.|
|Mozina's "Birkeland" model: As I read more of Birkeland's work, it's becoming clear this model is more Mozina than Birkeland. The biggest flaw applicable to space weather is claim of 600 million volt potential between the Sun and the orbit of the Earth, the heliopause or somewhere ill-specified. The electric potential is reversed with respect to the Scott model. While Mr. Mozina claims this potential is not the source of the Sun's energy, he clearly has not computed the amount of power in a solar wind density plasma within a potential difference of this magnitude, and the impact it would have on the radiation environment around the Sun.
Note the radical differences between all these models! They're mutually contradictory! This is worse than the story of three blind men examining an elephant (wikipedia) made worse by the fact that EU supporters are describing the SAME part!
What this mish-mash of contradictory models tells you is that there is not now, nor has there ever been, a WORKING electric sun model that can be compared to real data or useful for planning missions around the solar system!
Clearly Electric Sun models are driven more by ego than science.
STILL Unanswered QuestionsAnd there's other unanswered questions that Electric Universe supporters don't want their supporters to ask and don't want to answer themselves.
- Where is the return circuit?
- What powers the EMF - the battery or generator needed to provide the voltages claimed? For all intents and purposes, Electric Universe supporters assume these electric fields are created by magic, or perhaps some electrical diety (see Electric Universe: Making Electric Fields).
Basic Electromagnetism - for Electric Sun Advocates...Consider a real electromagnetism question relevant to Electric Sun claims…
Consider the system in the graphic above, with the Sun and a spherical surface around it called the heliopause or whatever surface you want to be the other electrode. Establish an electric potential between the Sun and the heliopause, say one billion volts. Choose your anode & cathode carefully.
Place an electron (green) and proton (red) just outside the photosphere. If you need a distance, choose a variable, say epsilon, above the photosphere. If need be, consider them one at a time so you don't need to consider the forces between the electron and proton.
- What are the forces on the electron? the proton? What is the acceleration of each?
- Which way does each particle go? How fast is it traveling at a distance, r, from the Sun?
- Again, what are the forces and acceleration on each particle?
- Which way does each particle go? How far? How fast?
Now expand the problem to multiple charged particles. In the simple case, you just multiply the energies by N, the number of particles, which will give you an idea. But at some point, the particle density will be sufficiently high that you have to consider interactions between the particles.
- At what point will the particles begin to significantly influence each others motion?
- What happens when the particle flows begin altering their motion?
Reverse the above potential and set its magnitude to 600 million volts. Repeat the above analysis. I'll be publishing my version of this analysis in 2014.
How do any of the numbers above correspond to their counterparts in the real solar wind? Need some data? You can start with the daily published values in the left sidebar at SpaceWeather.com.
Many of these questions could be answered by good high-school physics student, or at least a college physics undergraduate, but they seem to be unanswerable by EU theorists and their advocates who claim to be experts on electromagnetism. Pointing this fact out often generates whines and cries of 'personal attack' from EU supporters! I guess that's all they have to hide behind if they can't actually answer the scientific questions. This behavior by EU is not that different than that reported by Robert Schadewald (see Reading: "Worlds of their Own" by Robert Schadewald) in dealing with the Velikovskians (EUs philosophical predecessors). The arrogance with which EU supporters criticize the standard models and solar physicists while presenting NO comparable capability is indistinguishable from the Dunning-Kruger effect (wikipedia).
Hints for the Problem: Under the potential, the electron and proton will NOT go in the same direction, or at the same acceleration. Because they have different velocities all along the distance between the photosphere and the other electrode, the protons and electrons will have different densities, and notions of 'quasi-neutrality' will not apply. For those who've been following this closely, they might be reminded of a similar analysis here: The Solar Capacitor Model. I. II. III.
Can Electric Sun Models Live up to the Successes of the Standard Models?All of the models described above suggest a radically different radiation and field environment around the solar system. Do any of these models provide a mechanism for calculating the solar wind environment, which is vital for protecting satellites and astronauts?
No such results have been presented by Electric Universe advocates.
Well, with established physics, they actually they do provide a means of calculating them, by the recipes similar to that described above, but the results don't agree with actual measurements worth squat and so are useless from a practical perspective (see various model analyses presented under Challenges for Electric Universe 'Theorists').
Space weather forecasters at NOAA/SWPC routinely generate forecasts of space weather conditions 24/7 without use of ANY of these 'Electric Sun' models.
Here's the link to the run of the Enlil model for Earth space-weather forecasting, updated regularly. It is used for estimating when coronal mass ejections (CMEs) launched from the Sun, will impact the Earth.
Do we see any such capability from the Electric Universe supporters?
No. Just excuses.
Why should the space physics community use ANY Electric Sun model when Electric Universe supporters can't even produce results better than the existing models? Heck, EU supporters produce NO USABLE RESULTS AT ALL!